Session 5: Progress on enhancing preparedness for response & recovery (Sendai priority 4)
9:30 am -10:50 am, April 18, 2018
Chaired by Dr. Wenjian ZHANG, WMO,
Dr. Wenjian Zhang is currently the Assistant Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), a specialized agency of the United Nations, with the headquarter located in Geneva, Switzerland. He is, under the guidance and supervision of WMO Secretary-General Professor Petteri Taalas, leading the supporting efforts for the global coordination and implementation of the following WMO Priorities: i.e. Disaster Risk Reduction and Weather Services; WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS) including both space and surface components, WMO Information System (WIS), and WMO Polar and High Mountain Regions; WMO Regional development and activities including Capacity Development at WMO Regions, and WMO Resource Management.
Prior to this position, he served as the Director of the Observing and Information Systems Department and the Director of WMO Space Programme of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) from 2008-2016; Deputy Administrator of China Meteorological Administration (CMA) from 2006-2008; Director-General of Observing and Information Systems Department of CMA (2004-2006); Director-General (1998-2004) of National Satellite Meteorological Center of China (CMA).
He majored in satellite meteorology since 1986, and obtained his degree on Mater of Science (MSc) from Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences in 1989, and a doctorate degree (PhD) from Peking University in 1993.
Co-Chaired by Prof. Chenghu ZHOU, IGSNRR-CAS, China,
Prof. Chenhu Zhou, the cartography and GIS scientist born in 1964. He graduated from Nanjing University in 1984 and received master's and doctoral degrees successively from the Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1987 and 1992. In 2013 he was elected as academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is now the researcher working in the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Prof. Zhou has been engaged in researches concerning remote sensing and geographic information systems, and also interdisciplinary research in the domain of geography. His academic achievements included the quantitative analysis model of geomorphology remote sensing and the method of digital geomorphology mapping based on "Liuku" addressing precise identification of geomorphic features. Besides, he also developed the global dispersion for ellipsoid space, geography grid model and found multidimensional dynamic ocean phenomena. In addition, He developed application models of marine fisheries resources analysis and fisheries forecast, opened up new research fields of "Marine Fisheries Geographic Information System" in China. His research achievements helped to obtain the national science and technology progress awards.
1. Hon. Dato' Muhammad Yusoff bin Wazir, Deputy Director General (Post Disaster), Malaysia，
2. Dr. Lianchun SONG, CMA, China, < firstname.lastname@example.org >
3. Prof. Toshio KOIKE, ICHARM, Japan. < email@example.com>
4. Prof. Qiang ZHANG, BNU, China,
5. Prof. Vinod SHARMA, IIPA, India,< firstname.lastname@example.org>
6. Prof. Michael GLANTZ, University of Colorado, USA,
ls was documented that high-impact weather events and climate extremes, both rapid onset such as flash floods and slow onset such as droughts, have devastating effects throughout the world, resulting in injury and loss of life, displacement of people, and destruction of livelihoods and assets. Hazardous events of hydrometeorological origin continue to trigger the large majority of disasters, Between 2005 and 2014, 83 % (3253) of recorded disasters, 39 % (283 035) of recorded deaths, 95 % (1.6 billion) of the recorded total affected population and 70 % (US$ 983 million) of the recorded total damage were linked to natural hazards related to weather, water and climate.
In response to these challenges, disaster risk reduction (DRR) is central to the mission of many countries and many UN organizations, like the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and its 191 Members represented by their National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs). The expected results of enhanced capabilities of Members to reduce risks and potential impacts of hazards caused by weather, climate, water and related environmental elements through producing better weather, climate, hydrological and related environmental information, predictions, warnings and services to support disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation strategies.
II: The importance of enhancing disaster preparedness for response and recovery
Preparedness encompasses the application of knowledge and capacities to effectively anticipate, respond to and recover from the impacts of likely, imminent or current disasters. Such coordinated actions aim at the efficient management of emergencies and orderly transitions from response through to sustained recovery, including activities such as contingency planning, stockpiling of equipment and supplies, the development of arrangements for coordination, evacuation and public information, and associated training and field exercises. These must be supported by formal institutional, legal and budgetary capacities. Multi-hazard early warning systems (MHEWS) are an essential component of preparedness.
The focus is on supporting the development of Global Multi-Hazard Alert System which are defined as “an interrelated and connected set of hazard monitoring, risk assessment, communication and preparedness activities that enable individuals, communities, governments, businesses and others to take timely action to reduce their risks in advance of hazardous events”, where the system will cover a range of hazards and impacts and are designed to be used in multi-hazard contexts where hazardous events may occur simultaneously, cascadingly or cumulatively over time, and taking into account the potential interrelated effects. Such a system will increase the efficiency and consistency of warnings through coordinated and compatible mechanisms and capacities, involving multiple disciplines for updated and accurate hazards identification and monitoring for multiple hazards.
III: The expected outcome of the session
It is expected that this session, through the presentations and the panelist discussions, will contribute to the effective “end-to-end” and “people-centred” enhance disaster preparedness for effective response and to build back better, mainly including, but not limited to, the following interrelated four key elements which need to be coordinated within and across sectors and multiple levels for the system to work effectively and effective feedback mechanisms need to be in place for continuous improvement:
• Risk knowledge based on the inter-disciplinary science and technology, and systematic collection of data and risk assessments;
• Detection, monitoring, analysis and forecasting of the hazards and possible consequences with modern science and technologies;
• Dissemination and communication of authoritative, timely, accurate, and actionable warnings and associated information on likelihood and impact;
• Preparedness and capabilities to respond to the warnings received by promoting the whole-of-society engagement (including private sector) with institutional mechanism, and with clear shared responsibilities.